Housing assistance in Australia 2017 provides up-to-date information relating to government funded provision of social housing, rent assistance, purchase assistance and support services to help households maintain their tenancies.
845,000 tenants in 394,300 households were living in the main social housing programs across Australia in 2015–16
Nationally between 4% and 9% of dwellings were considered overcrowded, with between 12% and 25% underutilised
Waitlists for social housing remain long, with 194,600 households awaiting social housing allocation as at 30 June 2016
Mainstream community housing continues to grow, increasing 81% since 2009–10 to 80,200 dwellings in 2015–16
In 2015–16, there were 432,800 social housing dwellings across Australia—a rise of approximately 5,000 dwellings from the previous 12 months (427,800), and an increase of around 5% from the 413,000 dwellings in 2009–10. Despite growth in the number of dwellings, this stock is failing to keep up with Australian household growth with social share dropping from 5.1% in 2007–08 to 4.7% in 2016 (AIHW analysis).
There has been a gradual but steady policy focus towards growing the community housing sector and transferring ownership or management of public rental housing stock to community housing organisations. This has provided community organisations an opportunity to expand their operational capacity and to demonstrate the ability to be flexible in their delivery of social housing.
Between 2009–10 and 2015–16, public rental housing stock reduced by approximately 4% (333,400 to 320,000 dwellings) (Figure SHD.1), and mainstream community housing increased by 81%, from 44,300 to 80,200 dwellings (Figure SHD.2).
Note: ‘Other social housing’ includes mainstream community housing, SOMIH, Indigenous community housing and NT remote community housing.
Source: AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository 2015–16, Social housing dwellings Table DWELLINGS.1.
SOMIH stock reduced between 2009–10 and 2015–16 by 17%—from 12,000 to 9,900 dwellings. Indigenous community housing dwelling numbers also decreased by 6% over the same period—from 18,700 to 17,600 dwellings (Figure SHD.2).
SOMIH = state-owned and managed Indigenous housing
Across Australia, the overall occupancy rate for social housing is very high. As at 30 June 2016, occupancy rates for public housing dwellings was 98%, ranging from 95% in the Northern Territory to 99% in New South Wales. Overall, SOMIH dwelling occupancy rates were 97%, and for mainstream community housing dwellings, 90% down from 94% in 2014–15. The overall occupancy rate for Indigenous community housing dwellings was 94%.
As at 30 June 2016, New South Wales had the largest number of social housing dwellings across each program type, except for Indigenous community housing, which had more dwellings reported in Queensland. Victoria had the next highest number of dwellings for public housing and mainstream community housing (Table SHD.1).
Source: AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository, 2015–16.
Proportions of social housing dwellings varied across remoteness areas. The highest proportions of public rental housing and mainstream community housing were found in Major cities, SOMIH in Outer regional areas, and Indigenous community housing in Remote and Very remote areas (Figure SHD.3).
As at 30 June 2016, almost 3 in 4 public rental housing dwellings (74%) were located in Major cities and a further 15% in Inner regional areas. Less than 1% of public rental housing was located in Very remote areas. Over one-third of SOMIH dwellings were located in Major cities (36%), 25% in Outer regional locations and 24% in Inner regional areas.
Mainstream community housing followed a similar trend to public housing, with almost two-thirds (66%) of dwellings located in Major cities, with an additional 24% located in Inner regional areas. Less than 2% of mainstream community housing dwellings were located in Remote or Very Remote areas.
As expected, a large proportion (64%) of Indigenous community housing was located in Remote or Very Remote areas.
Source: AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository 2015–16, Social housing dwellings Table DWELLINGS.4.
As at 30 June 2016, public rental housing dwellings were more likely to be in the form of a separate house (39%), followed by a flat, unit or apartment (34%).
The vast majority of SOMIH dwellings were in the form of a separate house (81%), with a further 15% being a semi-detached house or townhouse.
Mainstream community housing dwellings were more likely to be a flat, unit or apartment (46%), followed by a separate house (33%) (Figure SHD.4).
Source: AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository 2015–16, Social housing dwellings Table DWELLINGS.5.
The size of social housing dwellings in 2016 differed across program type. Public rental housing dwellings were most likely to be three bedroom dwellings (38%), followed by two bedroom dwellings (31%).
SOMIH dwellings were also most likely to be three bedroom dwellings (61%), followed by four bedroom dwellings (19%).
In contrast, mainstream community housing dwellings were more likely to be two bedroom dwellings (36%), followed by one or three bedroom dwellings (both 28%).
Half of Indigenous community housing dwellings were three bedroom (50%) with a further 24% four bedroom dwellings (Figure SHD.5).
Source: AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository 2015–16, Social housing dwellings Table DWELLINGS.6.
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