'2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: first results' presents summary data collected in Australia's most comprehensive national survey on drug issues. Key results on drug-related awareness, knowledge, attitudes and behaviour are features of this report. Comparisons with 1991, 1993, 1995, 1998 and 2001 surveys are presented and population estimates of the numbers of consumers of both licit and illicit substances are also provided. This report is the 13th in the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's Drug statistics series. Future reports in the series will cover extended analysis of the 2004 results and a comprehensive summary of major drug use statistical collections. This report and others in the series are useful resources for policy makers, researchers and professionals interested in drug-related issues.