In 2018, 298,630 women gave birth in Australia (AIHW 2020). Maternity services in Australia are provided by 8 state and territory health departments and a number of private providers. Each state and territory has differing care provision systems and care available to pregnant women and their babies.

National Core Maternity Indicators (NCMIs) provide information on measures of clinical activity and outcomes in relation to maternity care across Australia. The purpose of the indicators is to assist in improving the quality of maternity services in Australia by establishing baseline data for monitoring and evaluating practice change.

There are 12 indicators that cover data for the majority of women who gave birth in Australia in 2018 and are grouped into 3 broad topic areas:

  • antenatal (during pregnancy) period,
  • labour and birth, and
  • birth outcomes.