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The health of Australia’s males 

In 2018, just under half of Australia’s population—49%, or 12.4 million people—were male. On average, Australian males experience different health outcomes to Australian females. They are more likely than females to engage in risky health behaviours and to die prematurely. They are also more likely to be homeless or in custody. Compared with females, males experienced more of their total disease burden due to dying early from disease and injury than from living with disease.

To learn more about the health outcomes of females, see The health of Australia’s females.

The health of Australia’s females 

In 2018, just over half of Australia’s population—51% or 12.6 million people—were female. On average, Australian females experience different health outcomes than Australian males. Compared with males, females have a higher life expectancy and experienced more of their total disease burden due to living with disease rather than from dying early from disease and injury. They are more likely than males to experience sexual violence and to have multiple chronic conditions.

To learn more about the health outcomes of males, see The health of Australia’s males.

National asthma indicators – an interactive overview 

This web report provides interactive data displays on the national asthma indicators published in the National Asthma Strategy 2018 by the National Asthma Council (National Asthma Strategy).

The indicators provide insights on how common asthma is in Australia; asthma related deaths, hospital visits and general practice encounters; the use of asthma action plans, impact of asthma on quality of life, and the cost of asthma to the Australian healthcare system.

Fact sheet: Monitoring asthma in Australia

Bronchiectasis 

Bronchiectasis is the abnormal widening of the airways in the lungs usually caused by damage to the airway walls. This condition is characterised by a persistent cough with excess amounts of mucus and, often, airflow obstruction together with episodes of worsening symptoms.

Asthma 

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. People with asthma experience episodes of wheezing, breathlessness and chest tightness due to widespread narrowing of the airways.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow limitation in the lungs, which can lead to mild or severe shortness of breath that is not fully reversible even with treatment. COPD is a serious long-term disease that mainly affects older people, and includes conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Asthma, associated comorbidities and risk factors 

People with asthma often have other chronic diseases and long-term conditions. These are referred to as 'comorbidities'—two or more health problems that are present at the same time. Comorbidities are typically more common in older age groups.

Osteoarthritis 

Osteoarthritis is a chronic and progressive condition that mostly affects the hands, spine and joints such as hips, knees and ankles. It is the most common form of arthritis and the predominant condition leading to knee and hip replacement surgery in Australia.

Osteoporosis 

Osteoporosis is a condition where bones become thin, weak and fragile, such that even a minor bump or accident can cause a broken bone (minimal trauma fracture). Osteopenia is a condition when bone mineral density is lower than normal but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis.

Chronic kidney disease 

The AIHW has developed core monitoring information on the prevalence, incidence, hospitalisation and deaths from chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Australia that is updated on a regular basis on the AIHW website to ensure that the most up-to-date information and trends are easily accessible and available.

Allergic rhinitis ('hay fever') 

Allergic rhinitis can occur seasonally (commonly referred to as 'hay fever') or throughout the year. Allergic rhinitis is triggered by an allergic reaction. The symptoms may include a runny or blocked nose and/or sneezing and watery eyes. Common triggers include house dust, animal fur, pollens, fungal spores, air pollutants and occupational triggers such as latex, breads and cereals or small animals.

Back problems 

Back problems are a range of conditions related to the bones, joints, connective tissue, muscles and nerves of the back. Back problems are a significant cause of disability and lost productivity.

Diabetes 

The AIHW has developed core monitoring information on the prevalence, incidence, hospitalisation and deaths from diabetes (including type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes) in Australia that is updated on a regular basis on the AIHW website to ensure that the most up-to-date information and trends are easily accessible and available.

Rheumatoid arthritis 

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect anyone at any age, and may cause significant pain and disability.

Cardiovascular disease 

The AIHW has developed core monitoring information on the prevalence, incidence, hospitalisation and deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) (including coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure) in Australia that is updated on a regular basis on the AIHW website to ensure that the most up-to-date information and trends are easily accessible and available.

Australian Burden of Disease Study 2015: Interactive data on disease burden 

Burden of disease is a measure of the years of healthy life lost from living with, or dying from disease and injury. The interactive data visualisations display burden estimates from the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2015. Estimates for specific diseases and injuries for Australia are for the years 2003, 2011 and 2015 and for state/territory, remoteness area and socioeconomic group for 2011 and 2015.

This is part of the Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015 report. There is also another interactive data set to explore: risk factor burden.

A scoping study on data sources to assess the impact of chronic respiratory and musculoskeletal conditions on workplace productivity 

Chronic conditions are the leading cause of illness, disability and death in Australia and have lasting physical, psychological, social and financial impacts on individuals, communities and the healthcare system. Respiratory and musculoskeletal conditions are two groups of chronic conditions associated with substantial productivity loss and activity impairment. This scoping study assesses the available data sources for monitoring the relationship between these chronic conditions and workforce productivity.

Improving national reporting on diabetes in pregnancy: technical report 

Monitoring diabetes during pregnancy provides important information on the impact of diabetes during and after pregnancy on the health of mother and child. This report:

  • describes national data sources available for monitoring the effects of diabetes during pregnancy on mothers and babies
  • identifies current data gaps, alternate data sources for monitoring outcomes associated with diabetes in pregnancy, and possible data linkages to improve national monitoring of pregnancies affected by diabetes.