Alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment services assist people to address their drug use. Treatment objectives can include reduction or cessation of drug use as well as improvements to social and personal functioning. Assistance may also be provided to support the family and friends of people using drugs.
In Australia, publicly funded alcohol and other drug treatment services are available in all states and territories—most are funded by state and territory governments, and some are funded by the Australian Government.
Clients seeking treatment for their own drug use nominate a principal drug of concern, and additional drugs where applicable, which may be related to licit drug use (the use of legal drugs in a legal manner, including tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption) or illicit drug use. Illicit drug use refers to the:
Depending on a client's circumstances, services can be delivered in residential or non-residential settings and include treatment such as detoxification and rehabilitation, counselling, and pharmacotherapy.
Opioid pharmacotherapy is one of the main treatment options for dependence on opioid drugs, such as heroin and morphine. Treatment involves replacing the opioid drug of dependence with a legally obtained, longer-lasting opioid that is taken orally. In Australia, clients attend dosing point sites (for example, pharmacies) regularly to take the dose of their prescribed medication under the supervision of a pharmacist or other health professional.
DoH (Department of Health) 2017. The National Drug Strategy 2017–2026. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
Web report |
27 Jul 2022
Web report |
30 Mar 2022
Treatment agencies provided around 243,000 closed treatment episodes to an estimated 139,300 clients aged 10 and over
Over 6 in 10 people were male (62%), and over half (52%) of clients were aged 20–39
Alcohol remains the most common principal drug of concern for which clients sought treatment
Over 2 in 3 (68%) opioid pharmacotherapy clients were male
Almost 9 in 10 (89%) opioid pharmacotherapy dosing points were pharmacies
On average, 17.8 opioid pharmacotherapy clients were treated by each prescriber
More reports and statistics on AOD treatment services can be found under Alcohol, Illicit use of drugs and Smoking.
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