Men and women have distinct health and welfare needs and concerns related to their gender and biological sex. This is illustrated by different rates of injury, illness and mortality; different attitudes towards health and other risks; the way each group uses health services; and differences in their health outcomes and wellbeing.
There are important biological and behavioural differences between men and women that lead to different health and welfare outcomes throughout life. By understanding these differences targeted interventions can be applied.
Men and women have different life expectancies and rates of certain chronic diseases, and use the health care system in different ways. For example, rates of coronary heart disease are higher among men, women are more likely to die from dementia and Alzheimer disease, and women use health services more frequently.
Men and women also have different experiences of poverty, incarceration, violence, and homelessness. For example, women are more likely than men to use homelessness services and to be a victim of domestic violence. Men are more likely to be in prison and to experience physical violence than women.
Men and women also experience different health and welfare outcomes within population subgroups, such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, rural and remote communities, and different socioeconomic areas. The AIHW reports broadly across these subgroups to examine differences and inequalities that may exist. Further information on men and women can be found in the various topic areas on this website, including:
40% of disease burden among males could have been prevented by avoiding or reducing exposure to certain risk factors
49% of Australian males have 1 or more of 10 selected chronic conditions, in 2020–21
43% of Australian males experienced a mental health problem at some point in their lifetime
34% of disease burden among females could have been prevented by avoiding or reducing exposure to certain risk factors
56% of Australian females have 1 or more of 10 selected chronic conditions, in 2020–21
21% of females reported having an anxiety disorder in the previous 12 months, in 2020–21