Latest reports

The health of Australia’s females 

In 2018, just over half of Australia’s population—51% or 12.6 million people—were female. On average, Australian females experience different health outcomes than Australian males. Compared with males, females have a higher life expectancy and experienced more of their total disease burden due to living with disease rather than from dying early from disease and injury. They are more likely than males to experience sexual violence and to have multiple chronic conditions.

To learn more about the health outcomes of males, see The health of Australia’s males.

Maternal deaths in Australia 

The maternal mortality rate in Australia in 2017 was 6 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth.

From 2008 to 2017, there were 248 women reported to have died during pregnancy or within 42 days of the end of pregnancy and a maternal mortality rate of 6.7 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth. These deaths are reviewed in this report along with contextual information for maternal deaths in Australia since 2008.

Endometriosis in Australia: prevalence and hospitalisations 

Endometriosis is an inflammatory condition that can be painful, affect fertility and lead to reduced participation in school, work and sporting activities.

This report shows that:

  • around 1 in 9 women born in 1973–78 were diagnosed with endometriosis by age 40–44
  • there were around 34,200 endometriosis-related hospitalisations in 2016–17.

Fact sheet: Endometriosis in Australia

Discussion of female genital mutilation/cutting data in Australia 

This report discusses existing and potential data sources on female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in Australia, identifying opportunities to enhance and develop systematically collected data collections. Data from one national data source, the National Hospital Morbidity Database, are presented, showing that 477 hospitalisations with an FGM/C diagnosis were recorded from 2015–16 to 2017–18.

Cardiovascular disease in women 

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of illness and death. With increasing recognition that aspects of its prevention, treatment and management are unique to women, this report focuses on the impact of cardiovascular disease on the health of Australian women.
Over half a million Australian women had 1 or more heart, stroke and vascular diseases in 2017–18, and more than 22,200 died from cardiovascular disease in 2016. 

Towards estimating the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in Australia 

The World Health Organization estimates that female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) affects over 200 million women and girls across the world. This report provides an indication of the potential number of women and girls living in Australia who may have undergone FGM/C. The numbers presented are modelled estimates only, calculated by combining international household survey data with Australian population estimates.

International health data comparisons, 2018 

Comparing health and health care data between countries facilitates international comparative reporting, supports policy planning and decision-making, and enables health-related research and analysis.

The interactive data visualisations across these web pages allow you to compare the most recent data from 36 Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) member countries across a range of health and health care indicators, with a focus on Australia’s international performance.

Hospitalised assault injuries among women and girls 

This fact sheet examines cases of hospitalised assault against women in 2013–14. Rates of assault among women were highest for those aged between 15–19 and 50–54. Over half (59%) of all these women were assaulted by bodily force, and for assaults by bodily force and involving sharp and blunt objects, the majority of injuries were to the head and neck (63%). Where information about the perpetrator was available, a spouse or domestic partner was the most commonly reported perpetrator (in 59% of cases).

Breast cancer in young women: key facts about breast cancer in women in their 20s and 30s 

Breast cancer in young women is the first national report presenting key data specific to breast cancer in women in their 20s and 30s. This report provides an overview of breast cancer, risk factors for young women, breast cancer detection and diagnosis methods, and key summary measures including incidence, hospitalisations, survival and mortality. 

The health of Australia's males: from birth to young adulthood (0-24 years) 

This report is the third in a series on the health of Australia's males, and focuses on health conditions and risk factors that are age-specific (such as congenital anomalies) and those where large sex differences are observed (such as injury). Findings include: - Male babies born in 2009-2011 can expect to live to the age of 79.7, nearly 5 years less than female babies born the same year (84.2). - While males aged 0-24 are more likely to be hospitalised or die from injury than females of the same age, they are similarly likely to be overweight or obese and less likely to smoke tobacco daily.

The health of Australia's males: 25 years and over 

This report is the fourth in a series on the health of Australia's males. It continues and completes the life course by focusing on males aged 25 and over. Findings include: -Males aged 25 and over in 2011 can expect, on average, to live to 80 or over. -One in 10 males aged 50-59 (11%) and 60-69 (10%) are, on a daily basis, at risk of injury resulting from excessive alcohol Employed -males are less likely to rate their health as fair or poor (11%) compared with unemployed males (37%) and males not in the labour force (41%).

Girls and young women in the juvenile justice system 

In 2010-11, there were 1,190 young women under juvenile justice supervision in Australia on an average day and 2,620 during the year. Most (93%) young women were supervised in the community, with the remainder in detention. Young women spent around 2 weeks less than young men under supervision, on average, during 2010-11 (171 days compared with 186), which was mainly due to less time spent in detention (31 days compared with 68). Young women were much less likely than their male counterparts to be involved in all elements of the juvenile justice system.

The health of Australia's males: a focus on five population groups 

This report is the second in a series on the health of Australia's males. It examines the distinct health profiles of five population groups, characterised by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, remoteness, socioeconomic disadvantage, region of birth, and age. Findings include: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males generally experience poorer health than the overall population, with higher rates of chronic diseases such as lung cancer, diabetes and kidney disease; Socioeconomic disadvantage is frequently related to poorer health status among males, with rates of rates of obesity and tobacco smoking higher among males from more disadvantaged areas.

The health of Australia's males 

Drawing on a wide range of data sources, this report provides a snapshot of the health of Australia's males. Examples of the report's detailed findings include: males born between 2007–2009 can expect to live 24 years longer than males born between 1901–1910; around two-thirds of adult males and one-quarter of boys are overweight or obese; nearly half have ever had a mental health condition; nearly one-quarter have a disability and nearly one-third have a chronic health condition; 16% of males do not use any Medicare services in a year.

Women and heart disease: summary 

Cardiovascular disease is Australia's biggest killer. This report provides a summary of cardiovascular disease and its impact on the health of Australian women. Women and heart disease: summary presents the key findings of its companion report, Women and heart disease: cardiovascular profile of women in Australia and looks at prevalence, deaths, disability, hospitalisations, medical services, treatments, risk factors and health care expenditure, as well as comparisons with other important diseases among women.

Women and heart disease: cardiovascular profile of women in Australia 

Cardiovascular disease is Australia's biggest killer. This report focuses on its impact on the health of Australian women - a group who may not be aware of how significant a threat this disease is to them. The report presents the latest data on prevalence, deaths, disability, hospitalisations, services, treatments, risk factors and expenditure, as well as comparisons to other important diseases among women. This report is a useful resource for policy makers, researchers, health professionals and anyone interested in cardiovascular disease in Australian women.

A snapshot of men's health in regional and remote Australia 

Men in rural regions of Australia may face distinct health issues because of their location, work and lifestyle. This report provides a snapshot of some of these issues and compares the illness and mortality of men in rural and urban areas.Overall, men in rural areas are more likely than their urban counterparts to experience chronic health conditions and risk factors. For example, they: are more likely to report daily smoking and risky drinking behaviour; are less likely to possess an adequate level of health literacy; have higher mortality rates from injury, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This report is a useful resource for policymakers, researchers and others interested in emerging men's health policies in Australia.