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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) People with disability in Australia 2019: in brief, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 09 December 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). People with disability in Australia 2019: in brief. Canberra: AIHW.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. People with disability in Australia 2019: in brief. AIHW, 2019.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. People with disability in Australia 2019: in brief. Canberra: AIHW; 2019.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019, People with disability in Australia 2019: in brief, AIHW, Canberra.
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The availability of affordable, sustainable and appropriate housing helps people with disability to participate in the social, economic and community aspects of life. The absence of such housing can have a number of negative consequences, including homelessness, poor health and lower rates of employment and education. Most (95%) Australians with disability live at home or in the community (in private dwellings). The more severe a person’s disability is, the more likely they are to be living in cared accommodation and the less likely they are to live at home or in the community—86% with severe or profound disability live at home or in the community, compared with close to 100% with other disability.
What is cared accommodation?
Cared accommodation is usually long term and may be institutional in style. It includes hospitals, residential aged care, cared components of retirement villages, hostels and other homes (such as group homes for people with disability), where a resident has been, or is expected to be, living for 3 months or more. The accommodation must include all meals for its occupants and provide 24-hour access to assistance for personal and/or medical needs.
Almost two-thirds (64%) of people with disability own their home—either with (23%) or without (41%) a mortgage. Close to one-third (29%) are renting, and 5% live rent-free.
Security of tenure
Security of tenure refers to the extent to which a household can stay in a home for reasonable periods if they wish to, provided they meet their legal obligations (such as paying the rent and looking after the property).
Some types of tenure are generally considered more secure than others. For example, owning your own home, especially without a mortgage, is usually more secure than renting in the private rental market.
People with disability are more likely than people without disability to rent from a state or territory housing authority.
Type of landlord
Real estate agent
State or territory housing authority
Parent or other relative living in the same dwelling
Other person not in same dwelling
(a) Living in households (2015).
How affordable are rental properties?
Housing affordability, especially in the private rental market, can be an issue for people with disability. For example:
The term ‘housing affordability’ usually refers to the relationship between money spent on housing (prices, mortgage payments or rents) and household income. Depending on the housing situation (for example, home ownership versus renting), the concept of housing affordability can mean different things to different people and households. Affordability for home owners primarily relates to purchase and repayment expenses; for renters, it primarily relates to rental expenses.
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