This report would not have been possible without the valued cooperation and effort of the data providers in the health authorities of the states and territories, the Australian Government and non-government.

The AIHW appreciates all data providers for their commitments in supplying data and assistance with data validation, given the difficult circumstances during the COVID-19 pandemic. The AIHW also thanks the members of HEAC, who provided advices on developing and producing the report.

Tuan Phan, Kien Nguyen and Khoi Dang collected and analysed the data and wrote this publication. Jason Thomson and Karen Byng provided a substantial contribution to the development of the methodology and alignment of the Australian health expenditure estimates chapters. Adrian Webster, Geoff Callaghan, and Jason Thomson provided invaluable advice overall.

Data quality statement