Life expectancy is one of the most commonly used measures of overall health of a population. It is expressed as either the number of years a newborn baby is expected to live, or the expected years of life remaining for a person at a given age, and is estimated from the death rates in a population. Examining causes, patterns and trends in death can also help explain differences and changes in the health of a population, contribute to the evaluation of health strategies and interventions, and guide planning and policy-making.

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Latest findings

Over the period 1907 to 2020, the age-standardised death rate fell by 76% in Australia

In 2020, 49% of deaths for people aged less than 75 in Australia were potentially avoidable deaths

Potentially avoidable age-standardised death rates in Australia fell by 42% between 2000 and 2020

Costs for people in their last year of life was 14 times as high as for people not in their last year of life

8% of the health expenditure examined was for people in their last year of life

Health service use and associated costs varied by whether older people used residential aged care in their last year

More reports and statistics on life expectancy & deaths can be found under Burden of disease and Injury.