Co-occurrence of 3 key risk factors
Many adults who are overweight or obese also have uncontrolled high blood pressure, and have diabetes, placing them at increased risk of CKD development and progression (Figure 2).
Based on pooled data from the ABS 2014–15 and 2017–18 National Health Surveys, an estimated:
- 13 million adults (71%) had at least 1 of these 3 risk factors (men 77%, women 64%)
- 2.9 million adults (16%) were overweight or obese and had uncontrolled high blood pressure (men 18%, women 14%)
- 624,000 adults (3.4%) were overweight or obese and self-reported having diabetes (men 4.0%, women 2.9%)
- 383,000 adults (2.1%) were overweight or obese, had uncontrolled high blood pressure, and self-reported having diabetes (men 2.4%, women 1.8%) (AIHW analysis of ABS 2016 and ABS 2019).
Figure 2: Prevalence of three key risk factors for chronic kidney disease, people aged 18 and over, 2014–2018