Goal 10: Never smoked – people aged 15–17
This indicator reports on the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth aged 15–17 who have never smoked. The goal for this indicator is 91% by 2023.
Why is it important?
Smoking is the leading preventable cause of disease and death in Australia. In the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2018, tobacco smoking was estimated to contribute 12% of the disease burden among Indigenous Australians (AIHW 2021).
What data are available?
Data for this indicator were sourced from the ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health surveys and the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social surveys.
What do the data show?
There is no new data available since the last update, however the most recent assessment showed that progress towards the goal was on track.
- In 2018–19, the rate of Indigenous Australian youth aged 15–17 who had never smoked was 84.6%, slightly below the trajectory point required to meet the goal (85.6%). However, taking into account sampling error associated with the survey data, the goal can be considered on track.
- The rate increased from 61% in 2002 to 85% in 2018–19.
- 85% of Indigenous Australian youth aged 15–17 reported having never smoked – this was an increase from 78% in 2014–15
- 85% of Indigenous youth aged 15–17 in Non-remote areas had never smoked, compared with 74% in Remote areas
- The proportion of Indigenous Australians aged 15–17 who had never smoked was similar between males (83%) and females (84%).
Figure 10.1: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth aged 15–17 who reported having never smoked
This figure shows the baseline data from 2002 to 2012–13, trajectory to the goal from 2014 to 2023. New data from 2014 to 2018 for the proportion of Indigenous youth aged 15–17 who have never smoked are plotted. New data show that in 2018–19, 84.5% of Indigenous youths aged 15–17 had never smoked.
Figure 10.2: Youth aged 15–17 who reported having never smoked, by sex and Indigenous status, 2018–19
The figure shows the proportions of young people aged 15–17 who have never smoked, by sex and Indigenous status. It shows that females are more likely to have never smoked among both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians (84.4% and 97.5% respectively). It also shows that Indigenous Australians aged 15–17 are less likely to have never smoked than non-Indigenous Australians aged 15–17 (84.5% and 96.2%).
Figure 10.3: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth aged 15–17 who reported having never smoked, by remoteness, 2018–19
The figure shows that Indigenous youth are more likely to have never smoked in non-remote areas (85.1%) than in remote areas (74.4%).
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2021. Australian Burden of Disease Study 2018: key findings for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Cat. no. BOD 28. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 8 October 2021.