Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017) Risk factors to health, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 01 July 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Risk factors to health. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/risk-factors/risk-factors-to-health
Risk factors to health. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 07 August 2017, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/risk-factors/risk-factors-to-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Risk factors to health [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017 [cited 2022 Jul. 1]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/risk-factors/risk-factors-to-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2017, Risk factors to health, viewed 1 July 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/risk-factors/risk-factors-to-health
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To ensure our health system is aligned to our country’s health challenges, policy makers must be able to compare the effects of different conditions that cause ill-health and premature death. Burden of disease analysis considers both the non-fatal burden (impact of ill-health) and fatal burden (impact of premature death) of a comprehensive list of diseases and injuries, and quantifies the contribution of various risk factors to the total burden as well as to individual diseases and injuries.
The Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011 found the single leading risks factors contributing to disease burden were:
In addition, an analysis of the joint effect of all dietary risks suggested that they accounted for around 7.0% of disease burden.
There were 29 risk factors included in this study. All these risk factors combined (the joint effect) contributes greatly to the burden for endocrine disorders, cardiovascular diseases, injuries, kidney and urinary disease and cancer. The joint effect of all the risk factors included in this study accounted for 31% of the total burden of disease and injury in Australia in 2011. This illustrates the potential for health gain through disease and injury prevention by reducing exposure to these risk factors .
Enhanced analysis by the AIHW found that overweight and obesity contributed to 7.0% of the disease burden in Australia in 2011 . This is due to updated evidence of diseases associated with overweight and obesity and enhanced modelling techniques.
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