National Cervical Screening Program

What is the National Cervical Screening Program?

The National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) aims to reduce cervical cancer cases, illness and deaths in Australia.

The NCSP began in 1991 and originally targeted women aged 20–69 for a 2-yearly Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, or ‘Pap test’ to detect precancerous abnormalities of the cervix.

From 1 December 2017, the NCSP changed to 5-yearly cervical screening for women aged 25–74, using a primary human papillomavirus (HPV) test with partial HPV genotyping and reflex liquid-based cytology triage (‘Cervical Screening Test’).

Data in this report are for women aged 25–74 screened under the renewed screening program.

For the latest monitoring report for the NCSP that includes data from the National Cancer Screening Register, see the AIHW report National Cervical Screening Program monitoring report 2020.

Explore the latest activity and participation data on the following pages: