National Standards for Out-of-Home Care indicators

The National Standards for Out-of-Home Care (NOOHCS) were a priority under the National Framework 2009–2020. The National Standards were designed to drive improvements and deliver consistency in the quality of care so that children in out-of-home care have the same opportunities as their peers to reach their potential in life wherever they live in Australia. The National Standards focussed on children and young people under 18 whose care arrangements were ordered through the relevant children's court and parental responsibility for the child was transferred to the Minister/Chief Executive.

A summary of NOOHCS indicators with updated 2021–22 data is provided in the table below for quick reference. For further context on the data below, please refer to the CPA 2021–22: National Standards for Out-of-Home care (NOOHCS) indicators data tables. For information on previously released updates to the NOOHCS indicators, please refer to the National framework for protecting Australia’s children indicators.

Table 1: NOOHCS indicators 2021–22 – national summary
IndicatorNational data
Standard 1Children and young people are provided with stability and security during their time in care
1.1 Stability64% of children aged 0–17 exiting out-of-home care had 1 or 2 placements in 2021–22
1.2 Safety1.4% of children aged 0–17 were subject to a substantiation while in out-of-home care in 2021–22
1.4 Stability during the year92% of children aged 0–17 in out-of-home care had 1 or 2 placements in 2021–22
Standard 3Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities participate in decisions concerning the care and placement of their children and young people
3.1 Placement of Indigenous children63% of Indigenous children aged 0–17 in out-of-home care were living with Indigenous or non-Indigenous relatives or kin or other Indigenous caregivers in 2021–22
Standard 4Each child and young person has an individualised plan that details their health, education and other needs
4.1 Case plans88% of children aged 0–17 have a current documented and approved case plan in 2021–22
Standard 9Children and young people are supported to safely and appropriately maintain connection with family
9.1 Kinship placement54% of children aged 0–17 in out-of-home care were placed with relatives or kin in 2021–22
Standard 10Children and young people in care are supported to develop their identity, safely and appropriately, through contact with their families, friends, culture, spiritual sources and communities and have their life history recorded as they grow up
10.1 Cultural support plans78% of Indigenous children aged 0–17 in care had a current documented and approved cultural support plan in 2021–22
Standard 12Carers are assessed and receive relevant ongoing training, development and support, in order to provide quality care
12.1a Foster care households There were 8,700 foster carer households with a placement at 30 June 2022
12.1b Foster carer households during the yearThere were 12,000 foster carer households with a placement during 2021–22
12.2 Foster carer numbersDuring 2021–22, 1,700 households were commencing foster care and 1,700 were exiting foster care. On an average day in 2021–22 there were 5,300 foster carer households
Standard 13Children and young people have a transition from care plan commencing at 15 years old which details support to be provided after leaving care
13.1 Leaving care plan74% of young people aged 15 and over had a current documented and approved leaving care plan in 2021–22

Source: AIHW Child Protection Collection 2021–22