Indicator 5.4 Age-standardised death rate for diabetes by Indigenous status
In 2018, the age-standardised death rate for diabetes (underlying and/or associated cause) was 4.0 times as high among Indigenous Australians as non-Indigenous Australians (210 and 52 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively).
Between 2012 and 2018, the difference in deaths rates remained relatively stable, fluctuating between 3.5 and 4.0 times as high among Indigenous Australians as non-Indigenous Australians (Figure 5.4.1).
Age and sex
The disparity in rates between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations was greater among females (5.3 times as high) than males (3.2 times as high). The death rate for diabetes increased with age for both Indigenous Australians and non-Indigenous Australians, and was higher among Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australians in each age group (Figure 5.4.1).
State and territory
The difference between Indigenous and non-Indigenous death rates for diabetes was greatest in Western Australia and the Northern Territory where the rate was 7.9 and 7.5 times as high, respectively. The disparity was lowest in New South Wales where the diabetes-related death rate among Indigenous Australians was 2.4 times as high as non-Indigenous Australians (Figure 5.4.2).
About the data
Diabetes is rarely listed as the underlying cause of death. A more complete picture of mortality is obtained by examining both diabetes as the underlying cause and as an associated cause of death. However, deaths from diabetes are known to be under-reported in national mortality statistics, as diabetes is often omitted from death certificates as a cause of death (Harding et al, 2014).
Explore the data
5.4 Deaths from diabetes (underlying or associated cause) by Indigenous status, age and sex, 2012 to 2018 and by selected population group, 2018