Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Disease expenditure in Australia 2018-19, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 04 February 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Disease expenditure in Australia 2018-19. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/health-welfare-expenditure/disease-expenditure-australia
Disease expenditure in Australia 2018-19. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 25 August 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/health-welfare-expenditure/disease-expenditure-australia
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Disease expenditure in Australia 2018-19 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2023 Feb. 4]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/health-welfare-expenditure/disease-expenditure-australia
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Disease expenditure in Australia 2018-19, viewed 4 February 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/health-welfare-expenditure/disease-expenditure-australia
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The areas of spending in the disease expenditure analysis include hospital services, primary health care services and referred medical services (generally provided by medical specialists). Hospital services include public and private admitted patient services, public hospital emergency departments, and public hospital outpatient clinics. Primary health care includes general practitioner services, allied health services, pharmaceuticals and dental. Referred medical services include specialist services, medical imaging, and pathology.
Some components of recurrent expenditure are allocated differently between the health expenditure Australia database, and the disease expenditure study. This approach was taken to reflect patterns of healthcare use for particular conditions, which is the focus of this body of work, rather than health funding arrangements. For example:
For further information, please refer to Technical notes and the Disease Expenditure 2018–19 Study: Overview of analysis and methodology report.
Figure D1: Allocated disease expenditure by broad area of expenditure, 2018-19. This bar chart shows how disease expenditure was allocated by broad area of expenditure in 2018-19. Total disease expenditure in 2018-19 was AUS$134 billion, of which $84.3 billion, $37.2 billion, and $12.4 billion were allocated to hospitals, primary health care, and referred medical services, respectively. The main area of disease expenditure is public hospital admitted patient services ($42 billion, 31.12% of total), followed by private hospital services ($23 billion, 17.23%), and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme ($15 billion, 11.27%).
Allocated spending in each area varied according to age:
These patterns of disease spending by age varied, however, according to sex:
The following interactive data visualisations can be used to display health spending by age and sex, for each area of expenditure. Data used to create the visualisations can also be downloaded as an Excel workbook.
Figure D2: Allocated disease expenditure by demographics and area of expenditure, 2018-19. This bar chart shows how disease expenditure was allocated by demographics and area of expenditure in 2018-19. Allocated spending in each area varied across age, where total spending generally increased with age for hospital admitted patient services, while emergency department was relatively steady with age. These patterns of disease spending also differed across age; however, the bulk of spending tends to occur later in life, regardless of sex.
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