Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2017. Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15. Cat. no. WEB 186. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 18 April 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 10 March 2017, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017 [cited 2021 Apr. 18]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2017, Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15, viewed 18 April 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
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Information on patient deaths in public and private hospitals for the period 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015, and comparative information for the previous 10 years.
The average length of stay before dying in hospital was 10.6 days, compared with 2.8 days for all hospital separations
In 2014–15, there were 76,856 admitted patient deaths in hospital
About 82% of deaths in hospital occurred in public hospitals
In 2014–15, 9.0% of deaths in hospitals were same-day separations
Figure 6 illustrates the five most common disease groups reported as principal diagnoses, in ICD-10-AM chapters (Box 2); they accounted for 79% (60,791) of deaths in hospital, compared with 32% of all separations (Figure 6). More than two-thirds (67%, 51,124) of deaths in hospital had one of three common disease groups: Neoplasms (31%, 23,769), Diseases of the circulatory system (20%, 15,308), or Diseases of the respiratory system (16%, 12,047).
It should be noted that admitted patient care data does not include information on cause of death, and the principal diagnosis may not have been the cause of death.
Box 2: What is the principal diagnosis and ICD-10-AM?
The principal diagnosis is the diagnosis established after study to be chiefly responsible for occasioning the patient's episode of admitted patient care.
In 2014–15, principal diagnoses were reported using the Eighth edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM). ICD-10-AM groups together similar conditions, organised in a hierarchy of chapters (for example, grouping diseases or disorders that affect certain body systems), subchapters and specific categories.
The 3 most common specific principal diagnoses represented 15% of all deaths in hospital in 2014–15—Malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung (5.1%, 3,936), Pneumonia, organism unspecified (5.1%, 3,903) and Heart failure (4.8%, 3,653) (Figure 7). The 20 most common individual principal diagnoses accounted for 52% (40,138) of deaths in hospitals.
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