Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) The health of Australia’s females, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 02 December 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). The health of Australia’s females. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/female-health
The health of Australia’s females. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 10 December 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/female-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The health of Australia’s females [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2022 Dec. 2]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/female-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, The health of Australia’s females, viewed 2 December 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/female-health
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In 2018, there were 12.6 million females in Australia—just over half (51%) of the country’s population. Overall, there were 101.6 females for every 100 males (ABS 2018a).
The typical Australian female is 38.1 years old, lives in a major city, is employed and has a non-school qualification (ABS 2018b, 2018c, 2018d, 2019a).
In 2018, most of the female population were of working age. In a group of 20 females, 4 (18%) would be girls aged 0–14 years, 13 (65%) would be women of working age (15–64 years) and 3 (17%) would be women aged 65 years and over (ABS 2018a).
Over the last 10 years, the proportion of the female population in older age groups has been increasing, particularly the 70–74 years age group, which has grown by 6.2% since 2006. In comparison, the proportion of females in the 0–4 years age group has grown by 0.2% in the same time period (ABS 2018a).
In 2015–16, just under 3 in 20 females (13%) were experiencing poverty, and in 2016 around 49,000 were homeless (ACOSS 2018, ABS 2018e). In 2019, there were around 3,600 Australian female prisoners in adult corrective services (ABS 2019a) and 1 in 20 females (5.3%) were unemployed (ABS 2019b).
Almost one-third (29%) of Australia’s females were born overseas. Of these, the most common countries of birth were England (14%), China (9.3%) and New Zealand (7.7%) (ABS 2018f).
In 2016, the estimated resident population of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females was nearly 400,000 (3.2% of the female population) (ABS 2018a).
Indigenous females tend to be younger than non-Indigenous females. Around 3 in 10 (34%) were aged under 15, compared with around 2 in 10 (18%) non-Indigenous females (ABS 2018a).
Around 3 in 5 Indigenous females (63%) identify with a clan, tribal or language group and 1 in 5 (19%) speak an Indigenous language. They outnumber males in older age groups (122 Indigenous women for every 100 Indigenous men aged 65 or over) (ABS 2016, ABS 2018a).
The density of the female population varies across the country. For example, females outnumber males in Major cities and Inner regional areas (104 and 103 females to every 100 males, respectively) and males outnumbered females in Outer regional areas and Remote and very remote areas (98 and 89 females for every 100 males, respectively) (ABS 2018b).
According to the 2016 ABS Census (ABS 2018b):
7 in 10 (71%) females live in Major cities
2 in 10 (18%) live in Inner regional areas
nearly 1 in 10 (8.3%) live in Outer regional areas
less than 1 in 50 (1.9%) live in Remote and very remote areas.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2016. National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, Australia, 2014–15. ABS cat. no. 4714.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018a. Australian Demographic Statistics: June 2018. ABS cat. no. 3101.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018b. Regional population by age and sex, Australia, 2017. ABS cat. no. 3235.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018c. Education and work, Australia, May 2018. ABS cat. no. 6227.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018d. Gender Indicators, Australia, September 2018. ABS cat. no. 4125.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018e. Census of Population and Housing: Estimating homelessness, 2016. ABS cat. no. 2049.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018f. Migration, Australia, 2016–17. ABS cat. no. 3412.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2019a. Corrective Services, Australia, March quarter 2019. ABS cat. no. 4512.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2019b. Labour Force, Australia, June 2019: Table 18. ABS cat. no. 6202.0. Canberra: ABS.
ACOSS (Australian Council of Social Service) 2018. Poverty in Australia 2018. Sydney: ACOSS.
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