This section provides links to research papers, articles and other information developed by the AIHW, collaborators of the AIHW and other subject matter experts. These resources provide more comprehensive discussion and context, and are useful when interpreting the Suicide & self-harm monitoring data.
Professor Nicholas Biddle
9 December 2021
This scoping review identifies and describes the peer reviewed academic literature that uses Australian suicide and hospitalised self-harm monitoring data. The aim was to outline the analytic strategies authors use to draw meanings from this monitoring data, with a particular focus on change across time and spatial variance of suicide and hospitalised self-harm.
This report has accompanying data tables.
PDF | 696 KB
Professor Nicholas Biddle
Associate Professor Rosemary Korda
Dr Karuna Reddy
28 September 2020
Addendum: 9 December 2021
In analysing trends in suicide rates it is important to assess whether changes are genuine or whether they simply reflect expected data variation. In other OECD countries such as the US and the UK it is common practice to assess whether changes in suicide rates are statistically significant. In this paper Biddle et al. assess the statistical properties of the monthly suicide rate in Australia from 2007 to 2018. Over this whole period suicide rates rose nationally and in New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia but were flat in other jurisdictions. The authors show that nationally, suicide rates were fairly steady from 2007 to 2010 but rose from 2010 to 2015 and have shown no clear trend since 2015. Overall, this pattern is quite similar for males and females however, death rates for males appear to have been approximately 3 times greater than for females at any given point in time. The authors also find clear seasonal patterns with January and February having the highest suicide rates and April to July having the lowest rates.
The addendum provides a descriptive comparison of the monthly forecasted deaths for the period of January 2019 till November 2019 from Biddle, Ellen, Korda and Reddy, with preliminary suicide deaths data for this same period, adjusted for the expected revisions process.
PDF | 4 MB
PDF | 300 KB
Dr Angela Clapperton
Associate Professor Matthew Spittal
Dr Jeremy Dwyer
Dr Andrew Garrett
Dr Kairi Kõlves
Dr Stuart Leske
Professor Jane Pirkis
8 December 2021
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) commissioned the University of Melbourne to conduct a study investigating whether there has been a change in the number of suicides occurring overall and in age and sex subgroups since the COVID-19 pandemic began. It also examined whether particular risk factors for suicide (namely relationship breakdown, financial stressors, unemployment, and homelessness) become more prominent as contributing factors for suicide during the pandemic.
PDF | 450 KB
Associate Professor Jo Robinson
Professor Jane Pirkis
20 July 2021
The University of Melbourne has been commissioned by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) to undertake an evaluation of the National Suicide and Self-Harm Monitoring Project and System.
This Interim Evaluation Report provides an overview of evaluation activities conducted between May 2020 and March 2021. This report includes some preliminary findings, which have been largely positive in relation to the development and early performance of the Published Site.
The final evaluation report is due December 2021.
PDF | 2 MB
Henley G & Harrison JE
Suicide rates at ages 10 years and older were examined for the Australian men and women born in each 5-year period from 1954–58 to 2004–08. Suicide rates for the most recently-born male cohorts are similar to, or lower than, earlier male cohorts at the same age. Suicide rates for the most recently-born female cohorts are higher than those for earlier female cohorts at the same age.
This report has accompanying data tables and data visualisations in Suicide & self-harm monitoring.
PDF | 2 MB
The AIHW and the National Mental Health Commission partnered with Orygen to hear from young people about their needs for suicide and self-harm information and their experience of the Suicide & self-harm monitoring website.
We heard that young people want to increase their knowledge of suicide to help themselves and their community, and that the website was a useful resource to do this.
We also heard that the website’s accessibility and functionality could be enhanced to improve engagement.
The AIHW are currently working on improving the website based on the feedback received.
PDF | 268 KB
The National Ambulance Surveillance System (NASS-AOD) is a novel surveillance system for alcohol and other drug related ambulance attendances. This is a collaborative project between Turning Point and jurisdictional ambulance services. The project has been funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health and the Victorian Department of Human Services (Victorian data).
The AOD related ambulance attendances reported by Turning Point provided the basis for the suicide and self-harm related ambulance attendances reporting that is included in Suicide and self-harm monitoring. These reports are provided for context.
National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January – December 2019 Data
Author: Moayeri et al.
Release Date: July 2020
PDF | 4.1MB
National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January – December 2018 Data
Author: Moayeri et al. 2019
Release Date: September 2019
PDF | 4.3MB
National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January - December 2017 data
Author: Moayeri et al. 2018
Release Date: August 2018
PDF | 3.6MB
National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January - December 2016 data
Author: Faulkner et al. 2017
Release Date: September 2017
PDF | 3.1MB
We'd love to know any feedback that you have about the AIHW website, its contents or reports.
The browser you are using to browse this website is outdated and some features may not display properly or be accessible to you. Please use a more recent browser for the best user experience.