Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) Child protection Australia 2020–21, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 03 February 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Child protection Australia 2020–21. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/child-protection/child-protection-australia-2020-21
Child protection Australia 2020–21. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 15 June 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/child-protection/child-protection-australia-2020-21
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Child protection Australia 2020–21 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022 [cited 2023 Feb. 3]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/child-protection/child-protection-australia-2020-21
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2022, Child protection Australia 2020–21, viewed 3 February 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/child-protection/child-protection-australia-2020-21
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Notifications, investigations and substantiations are the entry point for children into the child protection system. These components are sequential, with an initial notification of child maltreatment made to a child protection department, followed by an investigation of the alleged maltreatment (if required), and concluding with a substantiation decision (Figure 3.1).
Sources: Supplementary data tables S3.1 and S3.3, AIHW Child Protection Collection 2020–21.
The data in this section relate to notifications that departments responsible for child protection received between 1 July 2020 and 30 June 2021 (see Table 3.1 and Appendix A for further information).
Box 3.1 outlines data limitations for reporting on children who are the subjects of notifications, investigations and substantiations.
Although specifications for notifications, investigations and substantiations have been agreed for national reporting, there are differences in jurisdictional legislation, policy and practice which influence the reported data. Notification counts are not comparable across jurisdictions and differences in the initial count of notifications have a flow-on effect on other data, including the number of investigations, substantiations, and substantiations per child. Refer to the Technical notes and Appendixes A to C before comparing across jurisdictions.
Some notable issues which affect the completeness and interpretability of the data presented in this section include:
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