The National Core Maternity Indicators (NCMI) present information on measures of clinical activity and outcomes. The purpose of the NCMIs is to assist in improving the quality of maternity services in Australia by establishing baseline data for monitoring and evaluating practice change. These indicators cover data for the majority of women who gave birth in Australia from 2004 to 2019 and are grouped into 3 broad topic areas—antenatal period, labour and birth and birth outcomes.

  • Cat. no: PER 95
Findings from this report:
  • Labour was induced for 47% of selected women giving birth for the first time in 2019

  • In 2019 nearly 1 in 3 (31%) selected women giving birth for the first time had a caesarean section

  • Almost 1 in 10 (9.0%) women smoked during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy in 2019

  • 43% of selected women had a non-instrumental vaginal birth for their first birth in 2019, falling from 52% in 2004