Birth outcome indicators

The National Core Maternity Indicators (NCMIs) associated with birth outcomes present information on measures of outcome between 2004 and 2016.

Data for each indicator are presented by jurisdiction of birth, and at the national level by hospital annual number of births, hospital sector, and mother’s Indigenous status. Some indicators are presented by remoteness, disadvantage quintile and other data groupings where relevant.

Birth outcomes:

  • In 2016, 1.4% of babies had an Apgar score of less than 7 at 5 minutes, an increase from 0.9% in 2004.
  • The proportion of small babies born at or after term decreased from 2.1% in 2004 to 1.4% in 2016.
  • Around 1 in 20 (5.3%) vaginal births resulted in the women experiencing a third of fourth degree perineal tear, a rate which has remained stable since 2013.
Birth outcome indicators by proportion for baseline year and 2016
Measure Baseline
year 

Baseline
per cent (%)

Current
year 2016 (%)

PI04

Apgar score of less than 7 at 5 minutes for births at or after term

2004

0.9

1.4

PI10

Small babies among births at or after 40 weeks gestation

2004

2.1

1.4

PI13

Third and fourth degree tears
a. for all vaginal first births
b. for all vaginal births


2013
2013


5.2
3.0


5.3
3.0