Disability and health have a complex relationship. Long-term health conditions might lead to disability, and disability can contribute to health problems (see Defining disability). The nature and severity of a person’s disability can also influence their health. For example, it may limit their access to, and participation in, social and physical activities.

In general, people with disability report poorer general health and higher levels of psychological distress than people without disability. They also have higher rates of some modifiable health risk factors and behaviours, such as poor diet and tobacco smoking, than people without disability.

This domain explores the health status of Australians with disability, their health risk factors and behaviours, their use of health services, and their barriers to accessing health services.