Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) People with disability in Australia, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 09 February 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). People with disability in Australia. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia
People with disability in Australia. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 05 July 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. People with disability in Australia [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022 [cited 2023 Feb. 9]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2022, People with disability in Australia, viewed 9 February 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia
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While 90% of working-age (15–64) people with disability in the labour force are employed, others face challenges seeking and engaging in employment. This is reflected in their generally lower rates of labour force participation and employment, and higher rates of unemployment, compared with working-age people without disability.
What is labour force status?
Labour force refers to the population aged 15–64 who are working or looking for work.
In the labour force:
Not in the labour force:
This includes people who undertake only unpaid household duties or other voluntary work, those who are retired, voluntarily inactive and those permanently unable to work (ABS 2018).
Employment is linked not only to income and economic security, but also to other aspects of wellbeing. Problems finding or keeping employment can, for example, have broader impacts on living conditions and opportunities for the individual, their family and the wider community (AIHW 2017).
This domain looks at:
Summary card showing key statistics for labour force. The card shows that 59% of people aged 15-64 with disability who are not in the labour force are permanently unable to work. The most common reason given is their own condition or disability (91%).
Summary card showing key statistics for employment. The card shows that 48% of people aged 15-64 are employed, compared with 80% of those without disability. The most common occupations of people with disability are professionals (23%), and technicians and trades workers (15%).
Summary card showing key statistics for underemployment. The card shows that 1 in 10 employed people aged 15-64 with disability are underemployed. Young people (aged 15-24) with disability are more likely to be underemployed (23%) than those aged 25-64 (8%).
Summary card showing key statistics for unemployment. The card shows that people aged 15-64 with disability are twice as likely to be unemployed (10%) as those without disability (5%). The unemployment rate for people with disability has risen from 8% since 2003, while the rate for people without disability has been steady.
Summary card showing key statistics for employment needs and challenges. The card shows that 93% of unemployed people aged 15-64 with disability experience difficulties in finding employment. 17% of employed wage or salary earners aged 15-64 with disability use leave arrangements to have one day or more off per week because of disability; common leave arrangements are casual/part-time hours (53%) and flexible hours (25%).
Data tables for this report.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2018) Labour statistics: concepts, sources and methods, February 2018, ABS cat. no. 6102.0.55.001, ABS, accessed 28 May 2020.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) (2017) Australia’s welfare 2017, Australia’s welfare series no. 13, cat. no. AUS 214, AIHW, accessed 25 March 2020.
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