This report would not have been possible without the valued cooperation and effort of the data providers in the health authorities of the states and territories, the Australian Government and non-government.

The AIHW appreciates all data providers for their commitment in supplying data and assistance with data validation, given the difficult circumstances during the COVID-19 pandemic. The AIHW also thanks the members of HEAC, who provide advice on developing and producing the report.

Tuan Phan, Kien Nguyen and Nikita Ramachandran collected and analysed the data and wrote this publication. Adrian Webster and Geoff Callaghan provided invaluable advice overall. Staff in Health Economics Unit/Health Systems Group helped check various aspects of this report.