QIM 7: Proportion of regular clients with an alcohol consumption status recorded in their GP record
In 2020-21, one in 4 (25.8%) people aged 18 years and over consumed more than 2 standard drinks per day on average, exceeding the lifetime risk guideline (ABS 2021). Men were more likely to exceed the guideline than women (33.6% compared to 18.5%) (ABS 2021). Excessive consumption of alcohol is associated with health and social problems in all populations. It was the fifth-highest risk factor contributing to the total burden of disease and injury (4.5% contribution) based on estimates from the Australian Burden of Disease Study (AIHW 2019b). For adolescents and young adults, non-fatal burden was the main contributor to alcohol-attributed burden, while for those aged 55 and over fatal burden was the main contributor. The burden from alcohol disorders was higher in males (2.0%) than females, ranking 13th in total male burden and outside the top 20 for females. Alcohol use was the leading risk factor contributing to disease burden for males aged 15–24 (13%) and 25–44 (12%) (AIHW 2019b).
Alcohol-induced deaths are defined as those that can be directly attributed to alcohol use (i.e. where an alcohol-related condition is recorded as the underlying cause of death), as determined by toxicology and pathology reports (AIHW 2022c). The number of alcohol-induced deaths continues to rise, with 1,452 deaths reported in 2020, an 8% increase from 1,344 alcohol-induced deaths in 2019 which was an increase from 4.8 per 100,000 population in 2019 to 5.2 per 100,000 population in 2020 (AIHW 2022c). Alcohol-related deaths include deaths directly attributable to alcohol use (as defined above) and deaths where alcohol was listed as an associated cause of death (e.g. a motor vehicle accident where a person recorded a high blood alcohol concentration) (AIHW 2022c). There were 4,516 alcohol-related deaths in 2020. This has increased from 2,746 alcohol-related deaths in 2011, an increase from 11.6 per 100,000 population to 16.4 per 100,000 (AIHW 2022c).
Capture of results recorded outside of the general practice setting
Results arising from clinical intervention conducted outside of the service that are known and recorded by the practice are included in the measure. Where alcohol consumption was recorded elsewhere but is not known to the practice, this is not captured in the report. For example, this might be where the rehabilitation centre’s information systems may not be compatible with the clinical information system of the client’s usual general practice.
Other sources of relevant data
Data on prevalence of health risk factors such as alcohol consumption status of Australians are captured in the National Health Survey (NHS) conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS). There are other administrative data collections where the relevant data from these client-provider interactions are captured, for example, smoking and drug rehabilitation services, and community health centres.
This indicator measures the proportion of regular clients aged 15 years and over who had an alcohol consumption status recorded in their GP record.
QIM 7: Regional proportions
As of July 2022, nationally, 57.1% of regular clients aged 15 years and over had their alcohol consumption status recorded in their GP record. This varied from 46.1% to 80.8% across PHNs.
Figure 39: Proportion of regular clients aged 15 years and over with a record of alcohol consumption status in their GP record, by PHN, July 2022