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Caution: Some people may find parts of this content confronting or distressing.
Please carefully consider your needs when reading the following information about suicide and self-harm. If this material raises concerns for you contact Lifeline on 13 11 14, or see other ways you can seek help.
The information included here places an emphasis on data, and as such, can appear to depersonalise the pain and loss behind the statistics. The AIHW acknowledges the individuals, families and communities affected by suicide each year in Australia.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers are advised that information relating to Indigenous suicide and self-harm is included.
The AIHW supports the use of the Mindframe guidelines on responsible, accurate and safe suicide and self-harm reporting. Please consider these guidelines when reporting on statistics on the monitoring of suicide and self-harm.
Hospitalisations data for patients with intentional self-harm injuries includes those with and without suicidal intent. For further information refer to the Technical notes.
Socioeconomic status classifies individuals according to the socioeconomic characteristics of the area in which they live. These areas are defined using the ABS Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD), which reflects the average level of socioeconomic disadvantage of the area (see Technical notes for more information).
Intentional self-harm hospitalisations, by age, sex and socioeconomic areas, Australia, 2012–13 to 2018–19.
The line graph shows age-specific rates of intentional self-harm hospitalisations from 2012–13 to 2018–19 by socioeconomic areas from Quintile 1, the most disadvantaged, to Quintile 5, the least disadvantaged. Users can also choose to view age-specific rates, numbers and proportion of hospitalisations for intentional self-harm by socioeconomic areas by sex and specific age groups. For the period 2012–13 to 2018–19, rates of intentional self-harm hospitalisations were highest in the most disadvantaged areas (Quintile 1) with the lowest rates in the least disadvantaged areas (Quintile 5). Rates varied across the period for all Quintiles. All Quintiles, except Quintile 5, recorded lower rates in 2018–19 than in 2012–13.
Rates of hospitalisations for intentional self-harm tend to be higher for those living in lower socioeconomic (more disadvantaged) areas.
A similar pattern was seen in suicide rates in 2018, see Suicide by socioeconomic areas.
From 2012–13 to 2018–19:
In contrast, age-standardised suicide rates increased in the lowest socioeconomic areas between 2010 and 2018, for both males (from 20 to 25 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively) and females (from 5.8 to 7.0 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively). See Suicide by socioeconomic areas.
For both males and females, the highest age-specific rates of hospitalisations between 2012–13 and 2018–19 were recorded for those aged 25–44 in the lowest socioeconomic areas (Quintile 1), with the highest age-specific rates recorded for females in this age group.
An increase in the rate of hospitalisations due to intentional self-harm for all socioeconomic areas was reported in 2016–17 before decreasing in 2017–18, which may be due to increases in hospitalisations in 3 states. Variation in hospital admission policy and practices between states and territories may have contributed to differences in the reporting of hospitalisation data. For further information, see the data quality statement.
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