Australian Digital Inclusion Index (ADII)


Collection frequency


Latest data


Description of data source

The ADII has been created to measure the level of digital inclusion across the Australian population, and to monitor this level over time. Using data collected through the Australian Internet Usage Survey, the ADII has been developed through a collaborative partnership between RMIT University, Swinburne University of Technology, and Telstra.


People who report the presence of a chronic disability, health condition or injury that restricts their everyday activities.

Age groups

Age refers to the age of a person on their last birthday.


Sex is recorded as ‘Male’, ‘Female’ and ‘Non-binary’; however, due to sample size limitations, the index does not provide a score for non-binary populations.

Indigenous status

Indigenous status is voluntarily self-reported based on the ABS Indigenous Status Standard.2 The term ‘First Nations people’ is used to refer to survey respondents who have identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin during the data collection process.
First Nations data include results from 10 remote and very remote communities surveyed under the Mapping the Digital Gap project (2022–2024).3
No special First Nations collection was undertaken outside selected remote communities in 2022 and results obtained based on national sampling methods of First Nations people should be treated with caution due to very small sample sizes.

Definition of CALD

Those who mainly speak a language other than English at home.

Geographic information

Small Area Estimate modelling aligned to ABS areas to provide insights into digital inclusion for most state, territory, and local government areas.


National, state and territory data are available.

Measures reported
  1. The ADII is based on the Australian Internet Usage Survey. The survey sample is stratified and weighted to reflect the Australian population. A first baseline survey was conducted between September and November 2020; 2021 data were collected between April and June; and 2022 data were collected between June and December of that year. The sample comprised 2,798 people in 2020, 2,287 people in 2021, and 5,132 people in 2022. The number of respondents with disability was 420 in 2020, 374 in 2021, and 956 in 2022.
  2. The ABS Indigenous Status Standard can be found at Indigenous Status Standard, 2014, Version 1.5 | Australian Bureau of Statistics (
  3. Further information can be found at Mapping the Digital Gap project | ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision Making and Society