Presentation

Presentation refers to the anatomical part of the baby that is facing down the birth canal at birth.

More than 9 in 10 women gave birth to babies in a vertex (head first) presentation. First-time mothers were slightly less likely to have a vertex presentation than women who had given birth before.

1 in 25 mothers had a baby in the breech position (buttocks or feet first). A higher proportion of mothers aged 40 and over had babies in a breech presentation than did younger mothers. Mothers with a breech baby were 10 times more likely to give birth by caesarean section than by a vaginal birth (both non-instrumental and instrumental). Women who had a multiple birth were more likely to have a baby in a breech presentation, based on the presentation of the first born baby.