Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Australia's mothers and babies, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 29 May 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Australia's mothers and babies. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/australias-mothers-babies
Australia's mothers and babies. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 15 December 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/australias-mothers-babies
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia's mothers and babies [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 May. 29]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/australias-mothers-babies
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Australia's mothers and babies, viewed 29 May 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/australias-mothers-babies
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In 2019, the rate of women aged 15–44 giving birth was slightly lower than a decade ago (57.6 per 1,000 women in 2019 compared with 64.6 per 1,000 in 2009). The average age of women who gave birth has increased from 30.0 years in 2009 to 30.8 in 2019.
In 2019, 77% of women who gave birth accessed antenatal care in the first trimester of their pregnancy, and 96% had 5 or more visits. The proportion of women who report smoking at any time during pregnancy has fallen from 13.7% in 2010 to 9.3% in 2019.
The rate of women giving birth by caesarean section has continued to rise, from 32% in 2009 to 36% in 2019.
In 2019, the maternal mortality rate was 6.4 deaths per 100,000 women (17) giving birth. In the decade from 2010 to 2019, cardiovascular disease was the most common cause of death. During this period there were 200 women reported to have died during pregnancy, or within 42 days of the end of pregnancy, with a maternal mortality rate of 6.7 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth.
There has been little change in the proportion of pre-term (ranged from 8.2% to 8.6% between 2009 and 2019), and low birthweight babies (ranged from 6.2% to 6.6% between 2009 and 2019).
In 2019, 9.6 per 1,000 babies (2,897) died in the perinatal period, and congenital anomaly was the most common cause of perinatal death. Of these deaths, just over 75% were stillbirths (2,183) and just under 25% (714) were neonatal deaths.
There were improvements over the past decade in antenatal care attendance in the first trimester (from 49% in 2012 to 67% in 2019), smoking at any time during pregnancy (from 50% in 2009 to 43% in 2019) and a small decrease in the proportion of babies born to Indigenous mothers who were small for gestational age (from 14.4% in 2013 to 13.7% in 2019).
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