Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander specific primary health care: results from the nKPI and OSR collections., AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 25 January 2022
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander specific primary health care: results from the nKPI and OSR collections. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/indigenous-australians/indigenous-primary-health-care-results-osr-nkpi
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander specific primary health care: results from the nKPI and OSR collections. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 27 September 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/indigenous-australians/indigenous-primary-health-care-results-osr-nkpi
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander specific primary health care: results from the nKPI and OSR collections [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 Jan. 25]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/indigenous-australians/indigenous-primary-health-care-results-osr-nkpi
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander specific primary health care: results from the nKPI and OSR collections, viewed 25 January 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/indigenous-australians/indigenous-primary-health-care-results-osr-nkpi
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Indigenous-specific primary health care organisations play a critical role in improving the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (hereafter referred to as Indigenous Australians). Indigenous Australians may access either mainstream or Indigenous-specific primary health care organisations (hereafter referred to as organisations).
Information on organisations funded by the Australian Government under its Indigenous Australians’ Health Programme (IAHP) is available through two data collections, the Online Services Report (OSR) and the national Key Performance Indicators (nKPI):
This report presents the latest results from these collections.
The main purpose of the OSR and nKPI collections is to support continuous quality improvement (CQI) activity among organisations funded under the IAHP. They can also be used to support policy and service planning at the national and state/territory levels, by monitoring progress and highlighting areas for improvement. In addition to this, information from the collections helps monitor progress against the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Closing the Gap targets, and supports the national health goals set out in the Implementation Plan for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan 2013–2023.
Most organisations contribute to both the OSR and nKPI collections (Table 1).
IAHP funding type
to both collections
Primary health care
Maternal and child health(c)
Note: See also Technical notes and Impact of COVID-19 for information on interpreting changes over time.
Source: AIHW analysis of OSR and nKPI collections.
All organisations receiving IAHP funding share a commitment to providing holistic, comprehensive and culturally appropriate health care. These organisations can be split into two main types—Aboriginal Community Controlled Health organisations (ACCHOs) and non-Community Controlled Health Organisations (non-ACCHOs). ACCHOs are initiated and operated by their local Aboriginal communities through locally elected Boards of Management. Non-ACCHOs are a mix of government-run organisations (such as local health districts) and non-government organisations (such as not-for-profit charitable health services). As such, these types of organisations can have very different profiles (Table 2) and caution should be used when interpreting the OSR and nKPI data by organisation type presented in this report. For more information on interpreting data in this report, see Technical notes and Glossary.
Episodes of care
Employed health full time equivalent (FTE) staff
Number of organisations
Note: This table and other data in this report exclude the small number of organisations that received funding only for maternal and child health services unless otherwise noted. See Table 1 for the number of maternal and child health organisations, OSR summary over time for selected data from these organisations, and Interpreting OSR data for more information.
Source: AIHW analysis of OSR data collection.
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