In order to provide a more complete picture of dementia in Australia, data presented in this report are sourced from a range of data collections from several organisations, including:
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)
- Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care
- Dementia Australia
- Dementia Support Australia.
The latest data have been used wherever possible. Data are subject to change due to: the nature and timing of the data collection; a regular program of updates and maintenance; and newly discovered errors or anomalies. Revisions and changes in coverage should be considered when interpreting changes over time.
A summary of the main data sources used in this report are included in Table 1 below. See Data sources for more detailed information on each of the data sources.
See Methods for information on the methodologies used to derive estimates (for example, dementia prevalence or health and aged care expenditure) and other statistics presented in this report. It is important to note that differences between data collections and methodological approaches may influence the comparability of estimates across data sources within this report, as well as with other published information not estimated by AIHW. Where relevant these considerations have been noted within the report.
In this report numbers were rounded using two different methods. For chapters updated in February 2023 and onwards numbers between 100,000 and 999,999 were rounded to the nearest 1,000. Numbers less than 100,000 follow the below rounding structure.
For chapters updated prior to February and numbers, numbers between 1,000 and 999,999 are rounded to the nearest hundred and numbers over and including 1 million are rounded to the nearest 100,000. Numbers less than 1,000 are not rounded. Percentages and rates are generally rounded to whole numbers, except for numbers less than 10% which are rounded to 1 decimal point. Refer to the Supplementary data tables of this report for unrounded numbers.
See Glossary for the definition of technical concepts used throughout this report.
|Source||Data Source||Main source year||Frequency of updates||Description||Section/s where data was used|
|Australian Institute of Welfare||Australian Burden of Disease Study|
2022 (national estimates)
2018 (small area and First Nations people estimates)
|Ad hoc||Data on the fatal, non-fatal and total burden of disease in Australia.|
|Disease Expenditure Database||2018–19||Ad hoc||Data on government expenditure on disease estimated using multiple data sources.||Health and aged care expenditure on dementia|
|National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse||Various||Various||A central repository of national aged care data from various sources, mostly related to government-subsidised aged care programs operating under the Aged Care Act 1997. In this report data on the National Screening and Assessment Form and the Aged Care Funding Instrument are presented.|
|National Hospital Morbidity Database||2021–22||Annual||Episode-level records from admitted patient morbidity data collection systems in Australian hospitals (public and private). The data set for the reference period 2020–21 includes records for admitted patient separations between 1 July 2020 and 30 June 2021.|
|National Integrated Health Services Information Analysis Asset (NIHSI)||2016–17||Version 0.5 produced in 2020|
NIHSI version 0.5 contains linked data from 2010–11 to 2016–17 on:
|Health services used by people with dementia|
|National Mortality Database||2021||Annual||Data on records for deaths in Australia from 1964.|
|Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme/ Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme||2021-22||Daily||Data on medications prescribed and prescriptions dispensed under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.||Prescriptions for dementia-specific medications|
|Australian Bureau of Statistics||Estimated Resident Population||Various||Yearly||ABS estimates of the usual resident population of Australia.||Prevalence of dementia|
|Multi-Agency Data Integration Partnership data asset||Various||Ad hoc||Linked national survey and administrative data from a range of Commonwealth agencies, including healthcare, Census, social security payments, personal income tax, and mortality to create a comprehensive picture of Australia over time.||Cultural and linguistic diversity among Australians who died with dementia|
|Survey of Disability Ageing and Carers||2018||Every 3-4 years||Detailed information on a sample of people who either; have a disability that restricts every-day activities, are aged 65 or over or are people who care for individuals with a disability, long-term health condition(s) (including dementia) or older people.|
|Dementia Australia||National Dementia Helpline administrative data||2020–21||Ad hoc||Data on contacts to the National Dementia Helpline. Further information on these data is not available.||National Dementia Support Program and Dementia Friendly Communities|
|Dementia Support Australia||Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service and Severe Behaviour Response Teams administrative data||2022||Ad hoc||Data on cases supported by the Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service and Severe Behaviour Response Teams.|