Variation between population groups
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
Among Indigenous adults in 2018–19, an estimated 10.7% (51,900 people) were living with type 2 diabetes, based on self-reported data from the ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS). There was no significant difference between the age-standardised proportion of Indigenous men and women with type 2 diabetes.
Based on estimates from the 2018–19 NATSIHS and 2017–18 NHS, after adjusting for differences in the age structure of the populations, Indigenous adults were 2.9 times as likely to be living with type 2 diabetes as non-Indigenous adults.
For more information about issues with reporting Indigenous type 2 diabetes prevalence data from the linked NDSS and APEG data refer to Using the NDSS for reporting on Indigenous Australians.
In 2020, the age-standardised prevalence rate for type 2 diabetes on the linked NDSS and APEG data was almost twice as high among those living in the lowest socioeconomic areas as in the highest socioeconomic areas in 2020 (Figure 4).
In 2020, age-standardised prevalence rates for type 2 diabetes on the linked NDSS and APEG data generally increased with increasing remoteness area and were 1.3 and 1.4 times as high in Remote and very remote areas, compared with Major Cities and Inner regional areas (Figure 4).
See Geographical variation in disease: diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease for more information on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes by state/territory, Population Health Network and Population Health Area.
Figure 4: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes, by selected population groups and sex, 2020