Variation between population groups
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
In 2020, there were 150 cases of type 1 diabetes (per 100,000 population) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young adults aged 0–19.
After adjusting for differences in the age structure of the populations, Indigenous children and young adults were around 20% less likely to be living with type 1 diabetes as their non-Indigenous counterparts (Figure 3).
The prevalence of type 1 diabetes among children and young adults fluctuated across socioeconomic areas in 2020, with rates being 1.2 times higher among those living in the most disadvantaged areas compared with the least disadvantaged areas (Figure 3).
There was no clear association between the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among children and young adults and remoteness area in 2020. Overall, rates were higher in Inner regional and Outer regional areas compared with Major cities and Remote and very remote areas (Figure 3).
Figure 3: Prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children and young adults, by selected population group and sex, 2020