Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2023) Diabetes: Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 22 March 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2023). Diabetes: Australian facts. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Diabetes: Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 09 February 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Diabetes: Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2023 [cited 2023 Mar. 22]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2023, Diabetes: Australian facts, viewed 22 March 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
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Australia uses the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) to code causes of death (WHO 2019). In this report, deaths were coded using the 10th Revision (ICD-10) (Table 1).
E10, E11, E13, 14, O24
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Other or unspecified diabetes
Source: WHO 2019.
For hospital diagnoses and procedures, a classification modified for Australia is used. Hospital data were coded using the ICD-10-AM classification (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Conditions, 10th Revision, Australian Modification).
Diagnosis and procedure data for 2019–20 were reported to the NHMD using the 11th edition of the ICD-10-AM (ACCD 2018a), incorporating the Australian Classification of Health Interventions (ACHI) (ACCD 2018b) (Tables 2 and 3).
Source: ACCD 2018b, IHACPA 2022.
Block no: 1334
Block no: 1335
Block no: 1340
Block no: 621–638
Block no: 650
Block no: 653
Block no: 660
Block no: 670, 671
Block no: 672–679
Procedure code: 33500–00
Any obesity surgery
Procedure codes: 3051101 3051100 3051200 3051201 3051202 9095000 3051109 3051110 3051103 3051104 3051105 3051203 3051200 3051201 3051202 3051106 3051107 3051108 9094000 9094100 9095000 3051102
1421500 3051400 9095001 9094201 9094202 9094200 1421501 3144100 3144101 9094301 9094302 9094300
Lower limb amputation
Block number: 1533
Procedure codes: 4433800 4435800 4436100 4436101 4436400 4436401
Source: ACCD 2018b.
Two sets of diabetes codes in ICD-10-AM have been taken into account: diabetes ‘E-codes’ and diabetes in pregnancy ‘O24-codes’. The matrix below shows the method used to assign diabetes in pregnancy status to records from the NHMD, where a record also includes an outcome of delivery code (Z37) (Table 4).
The method uses a hierarchy, whereby a record with any E-code is assigned to pre-existing diabetes in pregnancy status first and the remaining records are assigned a status based on the diabetes in pregnancy O24-codes. Gestational diabetes is only assigned where an O24.4 code exists in the absence of any E-code.
Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) codes are used in this report to classify medicines. This classification groups medicines according to the body organ or system they act upon, their therapeutic characteristics, and their chemical characteristics.
A list of the medicine groups included in this report is shown in Table 5.
More information on the ATC classification system can be found at the WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology.
Combinations of oral blood glucose lowering drugs
Alpha glucosidase inhibitors
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues
Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors
Other blood glucose lowering drugs, excluding insulins
ACCD (Australian Consortium for Classification Development) (2018a) International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) –11th edition, tabular list of diseases and alphabetic index of diseases, Adelaide: Independent Hospital Pricing Authority.
ACCD (2018b) Australian Classification of Health Interventions (ACHI) – 11th edition, tabular list of interventions, and alphabetic index of interventions, Adelaide: Independent Hospital Pricing Authority.
WHO (World Health Organization) (2019) International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10), Geneva: WHO.
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