Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 29 May 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 29 September 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 May. 29]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, viewed 29 May 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
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Abnormal levels of blood lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides—known as dyslipidaemia—can contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, a build-up of fatty deposits in the blood vessels. This build-up increases the risk of a number of cardiovascular diseases, including coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease.
Blood tests are used to determine levels of the most commonly measured lipids. The standard blood tests include measurement of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL, or ‘bad’ cholesterol), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL, or ‘good’ cholesterol), as well as triglycerides.
In the ABS 2011–12 Australian Health Survey, a person had dyslipidaemia if they had one or more of the following:
For most people, saturated fat in the diet is the most important factor associated with dyslipidaemia. Sufficient physical activity and a healthy diet help maintain normal blood cholesterol levels. People with dyslipidaemia may also be treated with lipid-modifying medicines such as statins.
In 2011–12, based on estimates from the most recent large-scale biomedical survey of the Australian population:
The line chart shows the distribution of total blood cholesterol levels in 2011–12, peaking at around 4.5 mmol/L for both men and women.
ABS 2013. Australian Health Survey: user’s guide, 2011–13. ABS cat. no. 4363.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.
AIHW 2015. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts: Risk factors. Cat. no. CDK 4. Canberra: AIHW.
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