Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 29 May 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 29 September 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 May. 29]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, viewed 29 May 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
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Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. It is caused by the inability of the body to produce or effectively use insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas to control blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. It involves a genetic component, but is largely preventable, and can be managed with changes to diet and physical activity, and with medications.
Diabetes is an independent risk factor for developing many forms of heart disease (Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute 2018, AIHW 2016). Over time, high blood sugar levels from diabetes can damage blood vessels in the heart, making them more likely to develop fatty deposits. Diabetes and elevated blood glucose are associated with an approximate doubling of the risk of cardiovascular disease (IDF 2019).
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) also share risk factors. Many of the complications from having diabetes come from damage to blood vessels as a result of high blood pressure, abnormal blood lipids, and smoking.
In 2017–18, based on self-reported data from the ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey:
Information based on self-reported data underestimates prevalence as it does not include people with undiagnosed diabetes. The ABS 2011–12 Australian Health Survey, which included both measured and self-reported data, showed that for every 4 adults with diagnosed diabetes, there was 1 who was undiagnosed.
The line chart shows that self-reported diabetes increased from 3.4% in 2001 to 5.0% in 2017–18 for males, and from 3.3% to 3.8% for females.
After adjusting for different population age structures:
AIHW 2016. Diabetes and chronic kidney disease as risks for other diseases: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011. Cat. no. BOD 9. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2020a. Diabetes web-report. Cat. no. CVD 82. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2020b. Indicators for the Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016–2020: data update. Cat. no. CVD 81. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW & NIAA (National Indigenous Australians Agency) 2020. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2020 web report. Measure 1.09 Diabetes. Canberra: AIHW.
Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute 2018. The dark heart of type 2 diabetes. Melbourne: Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute.
IDF (International Diabetes Federation) 2019. IDF diabetes atlas, ninth edition 2019. Brussels: IDF.
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