Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) Specialist homelessness services annual report 2017–18, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 01 July 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). Specialist homelessness services annual report 2017–18. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2017-18
Specialist homelessness services annual report 2017–18. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 13 February 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2017-18
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Specialist homelessness services annual report 2017–18 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2022 Jul. 1]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2017-18
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, Specialist homelessness services annual report 2017–18, viewed 1 July 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2017-18
Get citations as an Endnote file:
PDF | 6.2Mb
Access to services can become increasingly difficult the further away a client is from a major city . This section examines service needs and client characteristics based on the location of the Specialist Homelessness Service (SHS) agency. Clients can access services in more than one remoteness area, however, for the purpose of the analysis, clients are assigned to one remoteness area based on the SHS agency where they first sought support in 2017–18. The Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS)  is used to classify agencies by remoteness area based on the location details of each agency (see Technical information).
In interpreting regional service trends, urban areas refer to Major cities and Inner and Outer regional areas. In 2017–18 clients from SHS agencies in urban and remote areas displayed distinct characteristics:
The SHS collection continues to reveal differences in client characteristics and service needs across Australia. Some key regional service trends over the past 4 years include:
At risk of homelessness
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services Collection 2014–15 to 2017–18.
The proportion of clients needing short-term or emergency accommodation increased as remoteness of the service provider increased: Major cities 34%, Inner regional areas 38%, Outer regional areas 44%, and Remote/very remote areas 62%.
Just under half of clients of Inner regional services needed long-term housing. Trends for clients accessing services in Inner regional areas were generally similar to those in Major cities. However, a higher proportion of clients seeking support in Inner regional areas needed long-term housing (45% compared with 35% in Major cities).
Nearly 9 in 10 requests for accommodation were met by services in Remote/very remote areas (88%), while clients of services in Major cities and Inner regional areas were the least likely to receive accommodation (52% and 41% of need met, respectively). Clients in Remote/very remote areas were more likely to receive short-term or emergency accommodation (92%) than those in Major cities (52%) and Inner regional (50%) areas.
Need for mental health services was higher among clients of services in Major cities (10% or over 18,600 clients) and Inner regional areas (8% or over 5,400 clients) than those in Outer regional areas (7% or over 2,000 clients) and Remote/very remote areas (4% or over 500 clients).
For the purpose of the SHSC, stable housing refers to clients ending support in public or community housing (renter or rent free), private or other housing (renter, rent free or owner), or institutional settings.
There are differences in stable housing achievements for clients who either present homeless or housed (at risk of homelessness). Across all regions, agencies were best able to assist those presenting at risk of homelessness, with 9 in 10 (90%) maintaining their housing following support. For those clients presenting homeless, agencies were able to assist around 4 in 10 clients into stable housing at the end of support.
At risk of homelessness
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services Collection 2017–18, National supplementary table REG.4.
We'd love to know any feedback that you have about the AIHW website, its contents or reports.
The browser you are using to browse this website is outdated and some features may not display properly or be accessible to you. Please use a more recent browser for the best user experience.