Box 5.1: Information on co-existing health conditions among people with dementia from other data sources
Data on the co-existing health conditions of people with dementia are available from a number of data sources. They include the SDAC, as well as administrative data from aged care services (presented in Aged care and support services used by people with dementia).
Information on co-existing health conditions for all people with dementia who were assessed for the use of government-subsidised aged care services is available from the National Screening and Assessment Form (NSAF) as well as from the Aged Care Funding Instrument (ACFI) for people with dementia living in permanent residential aged care. The profile of co-existing health conditions from these sources was similar to the profile seen using the SDAC for some conditions. However, there are a number of differences that are likely due to variations in how health condition information is collected between these sources, as well as differences in the group of people with dementia examined.
Refer to Aged care assessments and Residential aged care if you are interested in co-existing health conditions among people with dementia using aged care services and to the Technical notes for more detail on how health condition information is collected from each of these data sources.
People with dementia often require care in various activities of daily living. This section presents the broad assistance needs of people with dementia living in the community, how needs vary by place of residence and the source of assistance for people with dementia living in the community as reported in the 2018 SDAC.
Carers of people with dementia provides information on the informal carers, who provide support and assistance for people with dementia living in the community, and Residential aged care provides information on assistance needs of people with dementia living in residential aged care.
Broad assistance needs
Based on the SDAC, more than three-quarters of people with dementia living in the community who required assistance in 2018 required assistance in 3 activities – health care (81%), private transport (80%) and mobility (78%) (Table S5.6).
When looking at the assistance needs for the 3 core activities individually – self-care, communication and mobility –men and women living in the community were most likely to need assistance with mobility (77% of men and 80% of women) (Figure 5.5).
Women were more likely to need assistance with household chores (56% of men compared with 72% of women). For all other activities, there was little difference in the proportion of men and women living in the community who required assistance.