Anaesthesia

Anaesthesia is used to relieve pain during operative delivery, that is, a caesarean section or instrumental vaginal birth. All women who have a caesarean section receive anaesthesia, except in the rare case of post-mortem delivery.

Women who had a vaginal instrumental birth using forceps were more likely to have anaesthesia administered than women who had a vacuum extraction.

First-time mothers were slightly less likely to have anaesthesia administered than women who had given birth before.