There have been improvements in outcomes for Indigenous mothers in recent years, with:
- a notable increase in the proportion of Indigenous mothers attending an antenatal visit in the first trimester (from 49% in 2012 to 70% in 2020)
- an increase in the proportion of Indigenous mothers attending 5 or more antenatal visits (from 77% in 2012 to 88% in 2020)
- a decrease in the proportion of Indigenous mothers who reported smoking in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy (from 48% in 2011 to 41% in 2020) and after 20 weeks of pregnancy (from 42% in 2011 to 37% in 2020).
The proportion of Indigenous mothers who report smoking at any time during pregnancy has also fallen (from 49% in 2010 to 43% in 2020), and of those who smoked, the rate of smoking cessation during pregnancy was around 1 in 10. This is based on Indigenous mothers who reported smoking in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and not smoking after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
The proportion of Indigenous teenage mothers (aged under 20) who gave birth has been gradually decreasing from 20% in 2010 to 11% in 2020.
Around 3 in 5 (60%) Indigenous mothers had a non-instrumental vaginal birth, and fewer than 1 in 3 (32%) gave birth by caesarean section. Most Indigenous mothers had 5 or more antenatal visits (almost 9 in 10 or 88%).
Babies of Indigenous mothers
In 2020, babies born to Indigenous mothers accounted for 4.9% (14,605) of all births.
The data visualisation below presents data for babies of Indigenous mothers, by selected maternal and baby characteristics over an 11-year period (where available).