The Australian Cancer Database (ACD) is a data collection of all primary, malignant cancers diagnosed in Australia since 1982.
The following exclusions apply to the ACD:
Standard data items in the ACD are listed in the table below. In addition, national data outside this scope may be requested for selected projects with the cooperation of cancer registries.
Data from the ACD are used to report on national cancer statistics such as incidence, trends, projections, survival and prevalence.
These statistics are released in AIHW publications and made available as dynamic data. The ACD is also used for external projects, data linkage and ad hoc data requests for a variety of stakeholders including the general public, journalists, universities, non-government organisations (e.g., cancer support groups, pharmaceutical or insurance companies) and government agencies.
Statistics from the ACD allow a better understanding of how cancer might be prevented, detected or treated, as well as a closer monitoring of outcomes and the impact of policies.
The ACD is compiled at the AIHW from cancer data provided by state and territory cancer registries through the Australasian Association of Cancer Registries. These population-based cancer registries receive information on cancer diagnoses from a variety of sources, such as:
While the AIHW acts as a custodian of state and territory registry data for the purposes of producing national cancer statistics, cancer registries retain ownership of their jurisdiction’s data at all times. Agreements between the AIHW and cancer registries specify conditions under which data are supplied and the analysis and publication of data at the jurisdictional level can be released.
Data collection and coding practices are standardised when state and territory data are compiled into a single, national database. This is done through the following quality control measures at the AIHW:
The AIHW is able to make available a broad range of cancer statistics subject to a scientific and ethical review process. For information on requesting these data see requesting additional cancer and screening data.
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