The Australian Cancer Database (ACD) is a data collection of all primary, malignant cancers diagnosed in Australia since 1982.
The following exclusions apply to the ACD:
Standard data items in the ACD are listed in the table below. In addition, national data outside this scope may be requested for selected projects with the cooperation of cancer registries.
Person identification number
Tumour identification number
Date of diagnosis
First given name
Date of diagnosis accuracy indicator
Second given name
Age at diagnosis
Third given name
Age group at diagnosis
ICD-O-3 topography code1
ICD-O-3 histology code1
Date of birth
ICD-O-3 behaviour code1
Date of birth accuracy indicator
ICD-10 disease code2
Most valid basis of diagnosis
Country of birth
Breslow thickness (melanoma only)
Date of death
Tumour size (breast cancer only)
Age at death
Stage at diagnosis3
Age group at death
State/territory at diagnosis
Cause of death
Postcode at diagnosis
Last known postcode
SA2 (2011 ASGS) at diagnosis
Last known address
SA2 (2016 ASGS) at diagnosis
SA1 (2011 ASGS) at diagnosis
SA1 (2016 ASGS) at diagnosis
Address at diagnosis
1. International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, 3rd edition.
2. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision.
3. Stage at diagnosis is only available for the five most common cancers diagnosed in 2011: prostate cancer, female breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer and melanoma of the skin.
Data from the ACD are used to report on national cancer statistics such as incidence, trends, projections, survival and prevalence.
These statistics are released in AIHW publications and made available as data visualisations. The ACD is also used for external projects, data linkage and ad hoc data requests for a variety of stakeholders including the general public, journalists, universities, non-government organisations (e.g., cancer support groups, pharmaceutical or insurance companies) and government agencies.
Statistics from the ACD allow a better understanding of how cancer might be prevented, detected or treated, as well as a closer monitoring of outcomes and the impact of policies.
The ACD is compiled at the AIHW from cancer data provided by state and territory cancer registries through the Australasian Association of Cancer Registries. These population-based cancer registries receive information on cancer diagnoses from a variety of sources, such as:
While the AIHW acts as a custodian of state and territory registry data for the purposes of producing national cancer statistics, cancer registries retain ownership of their jurisdiction’s data at all times. Agreements between the AIHW and cancer registries specify conditions under which data are supplied and the analysis and publication of data at the jurisdictional level can be released.
Data collection and coding practices are standardised when state and territory data are compiled into a single, national database. This is done through the following quality control measures at the AIHW:
The AIHW is able to make available a broad range of cancer statistics subject to a scientific and ethical review process. For information on requesting these data see requesting additional cancer and screening data.
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